How to Score a Cricket Match
When we think of sports in the United States, we think of baseball, football, and basketball. In most countries, people think about either what we call soccer (and they call football) or cricket.
Cricket is the second most popular in the world, and has been played since the sixteenth century. Despite this, most Americans couldn’t tell a wicket from a popping crease. This is easy enough to fix, and it’s not that difficult to learn how to score a cricket match.
We will have to start with a few basics just to get a handle for how the game is played. Part of knowing how to score a cricket match is knowing something about how the game is played, and in no time at all, you’ll have a handle on it. We’ll look at:
- The layout of the field
- The essentials of game play
- How to score a cricket match
The Field of Play
Interestingly, the Laws of Cricket do not specify the exact size of the field, but most ore oval in shape and have a diameter of about 150 yards, or a football field and a half. In the center is the pitch, where all of the batting takes place.
The pitch is a rectangular patch of grass that is ten feet wide and just over twenty –two feet long. At either end of the pitch, there are three posts set up in a line, connected at the top something called the bails. These posts are the wickets, which the batter must defend.
There are several other lines on the field that are called creases and these are identical on each side of the pitch. The wickets are set up on the bowling creases. The popping crease is about four feet in front of the bowling crease, and determines when a batsman is guarding the wicket. There are also two return creases that have to do with where the bowler releases the ball.
Eleven players make up a team, and during game-play, fifteen people are on the field. The bowler, who throws the ball, stands by one set of wickets. The wicket-keeper, who is similar to a catcher in baseball, stands by the other set. The remaining nine members of their team take up various positions around the playing field.
There are also two members of the opposing team on the field, one in front of each set of wickets. The one opposite the bowler is the one who bats, and is called the striker or “on strike”. Finally, there are two umpires. One stands behind the bowler, and the other stands about twenty yards to the side of the striker.
Playing the Game
The basic progression of a game of cricket is that one team bats, and the other team fields until an innings is over, and then they switch. Innings has an “s” at the end in both singular and plural. An innings is typically over when enough players from the batting team have been dismissed that there are no longer two players to stand on the field.
When the striker hits the ball, he runs to the other side of the pitch, while his teammate runs to where he was. Once both players have exchanged places, they score a run. They can run back and forth as many times as they can before the fielders recover the ball and bring it back to the pitch.
If a fielder knocks down the wicket while the closest batsman is not across the popping crease, that batsman is dismissed or “out”. A player that is on the opposite side of the popping crease from the wicket is referred to as being “out of his ground”.
Players do not have to run when the ball is hit, they carry their bats and all of their padding with them when they run, and if they make an odd number of runs, they will have changed position on the field, so the batsman who was previously next to the bowler is now on strike and vice versa.
Once a player has been dismissed, the next person from his team comes in to replace him. This continues until there is no available player to replace the dismissed player. When this happens, the innings ends, and the fielding team becomes the batting team.
Generally, points are scored when the batsman on strike exchanges places with the other batsman on the field, but there are a few other things you need to know about how to score a cricket match. If the ball is knocked out of the playing area without touching the field before it leaves, it is counted as six runs. If the ball bounces on the field before exiting the playing area, it is automatically counted as four runs. The players are not required to run in these cases.
The score of a game in progress is given by the number of runs that have been scored and the number of wickets or players that have been dismissed. Thus, a score of 112/5 means that 112 runs have been scores and the team has lost five wickets. They have five more players to be retired before the innings ends.
The team that has the most runs at the end of the game is the winner. When a game ends, however, depends on what style of cricket is being played. Games can either be limited by numbers of innings or by number of overs (an over is completed every six times the bowler throws the ball).
A final point about how to score a cricket match concerns how results are given. When a game has ended, the score is given in terms of the last team to bat. If the game ends and they have five fewer runs than the other team, we would say that the team lost by five runs.
If, however, they collect more runs than the other team, the results are given by the number of wickets they have remaining. If only seven of their players have been dismissed when they make more runs, we would say that they won by three wickets.
There is certainly a lot more to learn about the fascinating sport of cricket, but this gives you the basics of game-play and how to score a cricket match. With this, you have the basic knowledge you need to start enjoying the gentleman’s game, cricket.