Flies are not only a nuisance, but transmit disease. Diseases transmitted from flies include:
Flies carry disease they pick up from rotting debris, garbage, dead animals, and sewage. They carry it to our food or the surfaces we use for food preparation. Knowing how to attract flies and kill them is a defense we need to learn and employ against the potential harm they present.
Flies breed in animal waste, dead animal carcasses, garbage, and almost any warm, moist area they find. They pick up germs on their sticky feet. They transfer the germs to our food, our environment, and us. The best way to eliminate infestations of flies is to get rid of their breeding places.
Types of Flies
Although there are many types of flies, a few of the more common ones are Blowflies, horse flies, black flies, house flies, and that tiny pest, the fruit fly.
Blowfly: Blowflies lay their eggs in dead animals and hatch what we know as maggots. The maggots eat the animal body and decompose it, so they are actually some of nature’s cleaning crew. Nevertheless, we do not want a blowfly anywhere near us.
Horse fly: Active in marshy or wet areas, horseflies are attracted to sunny, warm climates. They like large moving objects, like horses, naturally, and bite humans and animals. The females eat mammals’ blood, while the male eats pollen, sweet nectar and plant sap.
Black fly: Blackflies bite humans and leave a red, bleeding welt that causes severe itching for days. Preferring shady areas outdoors, they usually bite during the daytime. The black fly can travel up to ten miles from where they breed.
Housefly: Houseflies do not bite, unlike the horse fly and black fly. Still, the housefly presents the same threat of disease transmission as any other fly. It can actually carry many serious diseases. Under the right conditions, house flies reproduce at an alarming rate. They transition from an egg to an adult very quickly.
Fruit fly: The small black fruit fly does not bite people, but it is one of the most annoying flying insects. They may come into the home with fresh produce, but their continued presence needs a food source. Contrary to popular opinion, they do not feed only on fruit, but eat built-up grease or tiny bits of any other food.
Regardless of what kind of fly infestation we contend with, our main objective is how to attract flies and kill them. Many products on the market at present help to eliminate flies. Most of them do a good job of exterminating the pests. You can also use home remedies. You can make devices yourself that will eliminate or reduce an insect population in or around your home. You do not need to use pesticides.
One of the old standbys still in use and effective is hanging up curls of flypaper. Hang them in places away from children and pets. Flypaper is made of strips of paper covered with a sticky, sweet but poisonous substance. It attracts, holds and kills all kinds of flies. It is disposed of when full.
Some products on the market are granular items that come in cans. They use an attractant that is irresistible to most types of flies. This substance kills flies within 60 seconds. The bait can be scattered around garbage or dumpster areas or used in dispensers. It can be mixed with water and “painted” on surfaces where flies sit. The manufacturer promises complete elimination of flies.
Flying insect spray is available in several different strengths, sizes, and even scents. It kills flies on contact. Some sprays have a residual effect that works for weeks or months. It continues to kill eggs and larvae after the adult flies are killed.
An orange-colored fruit fly trap on the market is filled with a substance simulating food. The substance is inside the trap. It attracts flies, and they enter the trap and drown. According to the manufacturer, the orange color is also an attractant.
For fruit flies, make a trap by putting red wine or vinegar in a small shallow dish. Put a squirt of dishwashing soap in the wine or vinegar. Cover it with plastic wrap, and poke small holes in the wrap with a pencil point. Your home-made trap will catch fruit flies.
Make a funnel from a lightweight piece of cardboard. Put shallow water in a jar and a piece of fruit. Put the funnel in the jar with the bottom near but not touching the fruit or water. Flies will be attracted to the fruit smell, go down the funnel and become trapped in the jar.